What is Indigestion?
Indigestion also known as dyspepsia refers to gastrointestinal symptoms characterized by pain and discomfort in the upper part of the abdomen.
Causes of Indigestion
Indigestion can result from lifestyle, medical condition, dietary habits, or use of some drugs. Some of the other causes of indigestion include:
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Eating too fast
- Stomach infection
- Steroid medications
- Use of certain antibiotics
- Steroid medications
- Consumption of alcohol
- Consumption of high fat and spicy foods
Symptoms of Indigestion
Symptoms of indigestion include:
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Stomach pain
- Burping up of food
- Growling sound in stomach
- Weight loss
Diagnosis of Indigestion
Your doctor will review your medical history and symptoms and based on this a physical examination of the stomach will be performed. Your doctor may also recommend the following diagnostic tests:
- Blood test: Blood tests are performed to look for the presence of H. pylori in the blood that can indicate infection or disease.
- X-rays: During this study, high electromagnetic energy beams are used to produce images of the digestive tract.
- CT scan: Special x-rays are used to produce images of any damage or infection in the abdomen.
- Ultrasound: This test produces images of the internal organs using sound waves of high frequency.
- Stool test: Your doctor will perform a stool test to detect the presence of H. pylori.
- Urea breath test: A breath test will be performed in which you will be advised to swallow a capsule containing urea that is tied to an end of a thread. The urea will be converted to carbon dioxide in the presence of H. pylori. The exhaled level of carbon dioxide will be measured and based on this further treatment will be carried out.
- Endoscopy: This study uses an endoscope which is a thin, flexible tube with a camera and a light attached to its end that is inserted through your oesophagus into the stomach to obtain clear images.
Treatment for Indigestion
Treatment methods for indigestion may vary mainly based on the root cause. Some of the common therapeutic measures include:
- Medications: Your doctor will recommend over the counter antacids to reduce pain by neutralizing the stomach acid. Some of the other medications include:
- Prokinetics: This improves the movement of the muscles of the digestive tract.
- H2 receptor antagonists: This helps to reduce the acidity in the stomach.
- Proton pump inhibitors: This reduces stomach acid.
- Lifestyle modifications:
- Your doctor may instruct you to drink more fluids
- Avoid spicy foods and consumption of alcohol
- You should avoid eating late at night
- Control stress and anxiety
- Reduce the intake of soft drinks and caffeine
- Try eating smaller meals throughout the day
Prevention from Indigestion
Preventive measures for indigestion include:
- Eat smaller more frequent meals
- Avoid foods with a high amount of acid content
- Avoid sleeping immediately after eating
- Avoid exercising with a full stomach
- Reduce the consumption of alcohol
- Avoid wearing tight-fitting garments
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease
- Crohn's Disease
- Bowel Incontinence
- Unintentional Weight Loss
- Upper Gastrointestinal Disease
- Swallowing Disorders
- Oesophageal Motility Disorder
- Gastric Disease
- Gastric Ulcers
- Peptic Ulcer
- Gallbladder Disease
- Liver Disease
- Fatty Liver Disease
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- Liver Masses
- Hepatobiliary Disease
- Pancreatobiliary Diseases
- Evaluation of Gastrointestinal Malignancy or Pre-Malignant Conditions
- Liver Cancer
- Pancreatic Cancer
- Biliary Tract Cancer
- Polyp to Colon Cancer Progression
- Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO)
- Eosinophilia and Eosinophil-Associated Gastrointestinal Disorders (EGIDs)
- Inflamed or Irritable Bowel
- Coeliac Disease
- Diverticular Disease
- Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding
- Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding
- Rectal Bleeding
- Prevention of Gastrointestinal Diseases